UPS, short for uninterruptable power supply, are electrical apparatus that consists of a distributor and a battery. These power sources are used to avoid sudden power cuts in the main supply to keep the vulnerable equipment safe and to continue the electric supply. John Hanley completed the manufacturing of the first-ever UPS in 1934. After the invention, over decades UPS has been upgraded and made better. More efficient, technologically advanced, and AI optimized UPS are also available today in the market. UPS are now being used in offices, industries, and even houses. These electrical devices ensure no harm is done through instant power cutouts in the main supply. Over time the on-battery run time has also improved greatly. Instead of a few minutes now UPS can keep the continuous flow of electricity for hours. Depending on UPS and battery power this may vary.
Working Of A UPS: A UPS generally consists of two pieces of hardware connected. In technical terms, a UPS consists of 4 major components. The first component is referred to as the inverter that converts the input AC to DC. Along with the current rectification, it is also responsible for the charging of the battery. The second important component is the battery itself, responsible to act as the secondary power supply when the main fails or is interrupted. The third component is the inverter, which is also said to be the partner of the rectifier. The inverted gathers the DC from the battery and the rectifier and covers it back into AC. This is what powers everything. The final component is the static bypass switch. The bypass switch is the guardian of the UPS itself. That is if the UPS fails the bypass switch is triggered and the power load is connected back to the main power supply. This means the bypass switch takes the inverter, rectifier, and battery out of the equation to avoid any additional damage.
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